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Tourism vs Climate Change

How tourism can improve society and slow down climate change

Martijn Steijn • ebook • epub

  • Samenvatting
    Dit boek is in het Engels geschreven om een zo groot mogelijk publiek te kunnen bereiken.
    Het doel van dit boek is om aan te tonen dat reizen en toerisme niet zomaar onnodige vrijetijdsactiviteiten zijn die verminderd moeten worden om klimaatverandering te voorkomen.
    Reizen zorgt voor interactie met verschillende culturen en omgevingen. Reizen heeft bijgedragen aan het creëren van de veiligste multiculturele samenleving in de menselijke geschiedenis.
    Vóór de Covid-19-pandemie was het toerisme de derde grootste industrie ter wereld. Het voorzag meer dan 10% van de wereldbevolking van een baan, terwijl de ecologische voetafdruk slechts 8% bedroeg. Nu is onze wereldeconomie zwaar beschadigd door de Covid-19-pandemie, maar het toerisme kan helpen. Toerisme kan worden gebruikt als een duurzaam instrument om de rijkdom van sterkere economieën gelijker te verdelen onder de mensen die in zwakkere economieën leven. Als dit goed gedaan wordt, kan toerisme niet alleen helpen om de wereldeconomie beter in balance te brengen, maar zelfs om onze samenleving als geheel duurzamer te maken!
  • Productinformatie
    Binding : Epub
    Auteur : Martijn Steijn
    Bestandstype : epub
    Distributievorm : Ebook (digitaal)
    Aantal pagina's : Afhankelijk van e-reader
    Beveiliging : Digitaal watermerk (social DRM)   Informatie 
    Uitgeverij : Martijn Steijn
    ISBN : 9789090342269
    Datum publicatie : 01-2021
  • Inhoudsopgave
    Contents:

    Foreword

    PART I A CLOSER LOOK AT TOURISM

    Ch. 1 How it all started p.11
    1.1 Definition of tourism p.11
    1.2 The first travel agencies p.11
    1.3 Modern-day tourism p.13

    Ch. 2 A closer look at the tourist industry p.15
    2.1 Industries related to tourism p.15
    2.2 How big is the total tourist industry? P.17
    2.3 Seven different forms of tourism p.18


    PART II CLIMATE CHANGE

    Ch. 3 What is Climate Change? p.24
    3.1 Climate change through human activity p.25
    3.2 The greenhouse effect p.27
    3.3 What is carbon dioxide? P.27
    3.4 Earth’s natural carbon cycle p.28
    3.5 The history of Earth’s atmosphere p.29
    3.6 Carbon dioxide as a greenhouse gas p.29
    3.7 What are greenhouse gases? P.31

    Ch. 4 How to reduce climate change and why now? p.35
    4.1 The Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement p.36
    4.2 Our Carbon Budget p.37
    4.3 Representative Concentration Pathways p.38
    4.4 Shared Socio-economic Pathways p.39
    4.5 Shared Socio-economic Pathways in detail p.41

    Ch. 5 Popular ideas to fight climate change p.43
    5.1 Change our diet p.43
    5.2 Artificial food p.45
    5.3 Sustainable livestock farming p.46
    5.4 Seawater Greenhouse p.47
    5.5 Renewables p.48


    PART III TOURISM IN RELATION TO OUR SOCIETY AND ENVIRONMENT

    Ch. 6 Influence of tourism on the environment, economy, culture, and social life p.49
    6.1 In short: the environmental impact of tourism p.49
    6.2 Economic impact of tourism p.49
    6.3 Cultural impact of tourism p.50
    6.4 Social impact of tourism p.51

    Ch. 7 How tourism contributes to global greenhouse gas emission p.53
    7.1 The greenhouse gas emission of tourism in perspective p.53
    7.2 To travel or not to travel, that is the question p.54
    7.3 The rebound effect p.55
    7.4 The plane is taking off anyway p.57
    7.5 The responsibility for carbon footprints p.59

    Ch. 8 Negative effects of tourism on the environment p.61
    8.1 It isn’t only greenhouse gas pollution p.61
    8.2 No place is off the tourism circuit p.62
    8.3 Mass tourism p.62
    8.4 Mass tourism and resorts p.63
    8.5 Some specific problems of mass tourism p.65
    8.6 The impact of Eco Lodges p.68
    8.7 Spiritual tourism and the abuse of cultural traditions p.70
    8.8 Negative effects of volunteer tourism p.71
    8.9 Ecological farms p.74
    8.10 Tourism strain on infrastructure p.75
    8.11 The Lifecycle of tourism p.76

    Ch. 9 The relationship between poverty and our environment p.78
    9.1 An exceptional story about reducing poverty p.80

    Ch. 10 The tourist industry as an economic development tool p.82
    10.1 Three major economic sectors p.82
    10.2 Income Distribution Effect and employment p.83
    10.3 Elements of supply and demand p.85

    Ch. 11 Local communities and tourism p.86
    11.1 The many challenges surrounding community tourism p.87
    11.2 Dependency p.89
    11.3 They’re rich and we’re poor p.90
    11.4 Different expectations p.90
    11.5 The bias of communities against tour agencies p.91
    11.6 NGOs versus travel agencies p.92
    11.7 Care versus Tropic p.93
    11.8 Green-washing p.95
    11.9 A problem resulting from capitalism p.96
    11.10 Tourist expectations and reality p.97
    11.11 Should the remote communities learn English? p.98
    11.12 Are local communities able to organize tourism? p.99
    11.13 Mutual advantages of long term partnerships p.100

    Ch. 12 The importance of tourism on a global scale p.102
    12.1 The first example: advantage of tourism on the Galapagos p.102
    12.2 Conservation in the Ecuadorian Amazon p.103
    12.3 Gene exchange as a result of traveling p.104
    12.4 Traveling and viruses p.105
    12.5 Social benefits of traveling and tourism p.107
    12.6 Tourism can create a better mutual understanding and avoid conflict p.109
    12.7 The Fauzi Azar Inn p.110
    12.8 Traveling and trading have made the world safer p.111
    12.9 Some of my own travel experiences p.112
    12.10 People who travel receive many benefits p.115


    PART IV TOURISM IN RELATION TO SUSTAINABILITY

    Ch. 13 Is sustainable tourism possible? p.118
    13.1 Everything we do leaves a carbon footprint p.118
    13.2 The Carbon footprint of tourism p.119
    13.3 The official definition of sustainable tourism p.120
    13.4 Sustainable tourism or responsible tourism? p.123

    Ch. 14 How to make the tourist industry more sustainable p.124
    14.1 The responsibility of the tourist industry p.125
    14.2 The Eco Hotels of tomorrow p.126
    14.3 Sustainability recommendations for tour operators p.127
    14.4 Sustainable tourist projects p.129
    14.5 Izhcayluma p.132
    14.6 The danger of bookings websites p.134

    Ch. 15 Things travelers can do to make their vacation more sustainable p.137
    15.1 Fly responsibly p.137
    15.2 Natural carbon sequestration and offsets p.138
    15.3 Carbon offsets: atoning for sins of emission? p.139
    15.4 A few recommendable carbon offset programs p.141
    15.5 Be a more sustainable tourist while traveling p.145

    Ch. 16 Future sustainable transport based on the past p.159
    16.1 Sailing around the world p.159
    16.2 The best of both worlds: airships p.160
    16.3 Climate change and airships p.162
    16.4 Electric airplanes p.163

    Ch. 17 The holistic sustainable approach p.167
    17.1 Change our mentality p.167
    17.2 Create time to travel p.168
    17.3 Sustained salaries p.171
    17.4 Well-being above economic growth p.172
    17.5 The Doughnut Economy p.172
    17.6 Increase happiness with a low(er) carbon footprint p.174
    17.7 Indulging in experiences provides more happiness p.176

    Ch. 18 Space traveling to explore new areas and development p.178
    18.1 The advantages of space travel p.179
    18.2 Are we now afraid to travel into Space? p.182
    18.3 Space tourism to encourage new development p.183


    Epilogue p.185


    Appendix: p.187
    I What is the atmosphere? P.187
    II Earth’s carbon circle p.187
    III pH value of seawater p.190
    IV What is 1ppm of CO2 p.190
    V Representative Concentration Pathways (RPC) p.191
    VI Transient Climate Response p.192
    VII How to set up a sustainable community tourist project/ business p.194
    VIII Building an ecologically friendly hotel p.196
    IX How to improve the sustainability of your existing hotel p.201
    X Sustainability tips for tour operators p.206
    XI CO sequestration calculation p.209
    XII Additional interesting articles about airships: p.211


    359 Links as reference: p.211

    Special thanks to: p.223
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It all started in November 2019 with a conversation between two travelers. I asked a tourist in Ecuador if she would include a tour to the famous Galapagos Islands on her journey. She told me that she would like to, but that she didn’t want to fly to the Galapagos. To her, it was a contradiction to fly to a nature reserve more than 900 km away while the greenhouse gas emission from her flight might cause the sea level to rise and these islands to disappear. I had heard this reasoning before and it is a valid point. After years of working in tourism, I also wondered if it is still responsible to keep inviting people to travel as a tourist; to go somewhere new, meet new people, have a good time, and learn new things. However, when I explained to her what the negative effects would be if tourists would stop traveling to the Galapagos Islands, it made her think. ×
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