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The Dutch Cemetery in Nagasaki (1654-1870)

Echo of the Past

Titia van der Eb-Brongersma • Boek • paperback

  • Samenvatting
    The Dutch Cemetery in Nagasaki is the oldest, still existing, graveyard for foreigners from the West in Japan. It reflects the many important events in the shared history of The Netherlands and Japan, especially with regard to Nagasaki.
    The small, intimate cemetery, enclosed by a red brick wall, is located in the foothills of Mount Inasa on the grounds of the Buddhist temple Goshinji.
    During the 17th, 18th, and 19th century hundreds of VOC servants, mostly sailors on board ships in port, but also employees from the Dutch Trading Post on Deshima found their last resting place here, far away from home, many anonymously. There are also some Russian and English tombs. The number of gravestones is small relative to the number deceased, only few graves received a gravestone. There are thirty large tombstones and eleven small standing memorials. Four of the gravestones are completely weathered, making the inscription unreadable. The memorials do not bear any inscription, they are only decorated with a cross in relief.

    The present study deals with the earliest Dutch burial ground at Goshinji and the subsequent historical developments up-to and including the recent 2018 renovation. It discusses the legible gravestones and to whom the unreadable gravestones may belong. It also explains for whom the small standing stones are a memorial. The Dutch cemetery is of historical, cultural and genealogical importance.
  • Productinformatie
    Binding : Paperback
    Distributievorm : Boek (print, druk)
    Formaat : 170mm x 240mm
    Aantal pagina's : 136
    Uitgeverij : Hans Meijeraan, Oegstgeest
    ISBN : 9789081595049
    Datum publicatie : 10-2019
  • Inhoudsopgave
    Introduction
    1. Burial of Dutch VOC-employees in Japan in the 17th, 18th and 19th century
    2. The three old cemeteries for foreigners in Nagasaki
    3. The Dutch cemetery at Goshinji, many graves but only a small graveyard
    4. Surveys of the gravestones of the Dutch cemetery
    5. The legible gravestones in the Dutch cemetery
    6. The four illegible gravestones: their possible identity
    7. The eleven anonymous stone memorials probably identified
    8. Maintenance and conservation of the Dutch cemetery
    9. The Dutch cemetery: a history in stone
    The gravestones and memorials in the Dutch cemetery: photographs and inscriptions
    Gravestones of two Englishmen in Inasa International
    Bibliography
    Index
  • Reviews (0 uit 0 reviews)

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Fragment

Hendrik Godfried Duurkoop: gravestone no. 28, clearly legible.
Hendrik Godfried Duurkoop, born 5 May 1736, baptised  8 May in Dornum (Ost­-Friesland, Germany), son of Hendrik Hennig Durkauf and Lucia Carolina. In June 1778, Duurkoop sailed from Batavia (Jakarta) to Japan to take up his second term as chief factor of the Dutch trading post on Deshima. He died 27 July 1778 on board of the ship ’t Huys te Spijk and was buried in the Dutch cemetery at Goshinji on 15 August 1778. The large, heavy tombstone was put in place on 4 January 1779, at the same time as the gravestone for Jan Schuts.

Philippus Braacx: gravestone no. 18, partly legible
Philippus Braacx, born 2 December 1841 in Rotterdam, son of Paulus Braacx and Elisabeth Beekhuyzen, died 9 April 1864 in the Japanese hospital in Nagasaki, unmarried. Since 1 May 1862 he was sailor 2nd class 127 (on his gravestone 3rd class) on board the screw steam corvette Medusa which took part in the first battle of Shimonoseki on 11 July 1863.
The epitaph is inscribed in various fonts.

5.3c Russian gravestones
In the Dutch cemetery are four tombs with Russian inscriptions, the numbers 17, 24, 25, and 26. There may have been five, and possibly even many more. The clearly legible epitaphs show that these gravestones were placed in 1858 for crew members of the Russian steam frigate Askol’d (Аскольд), which called at Nagasaki harbour twice during that year.

A Christian inscription on the Russian gravestones
In 1926, De Roos had the four epitaphs on the Russian gravestones in the Dutch cemetery translated by the Russian Consul.181 He copies the names, professions, dates of death, and notes that they are crew members of the Russian frigate Askol’d.
Neither De Roos, nor any of the other authors who recorded the Russian Askol’d tombstones from 1858/9, gives the complete translation of the epitaph. Not even McOmie who wrote a very detailed account of the ship’s visit to Nagasaki.
The epitaphs, with the clearly Christian text and prayer is extremely interesting and may be the oldest in Japan.

5.3d English gravestones ×
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