Utopia is a work of political philosophy and satire written by Sir Thomas More in 1516. The book is set in the fictional island of Utopia and explores ideas about government, society, and human nature.
In the book, More describes a conversation between himself and a fictional character named Raphael Hythloday, who claims to have visited the island of Utopia. Utopia is presented as an ideal society with a perfect political and social structure. Some key features of the society described in Utopia include communal ownership of property, religious tolerance, and the absence of private property and money.
The term Utopia has since come to represent an imaginary, idealized place or state of perfection, often used to critique existing social and political systems by presenting an alternative vision. While More's work can be interpreted in various ways, it is generally seen as a critique of the corruption and inequality in the society of his time, as well as an exploration of alternative political and social structures.