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An Introduction to Chemical Thermodynamics

G.J.M. Koper • ebook • pdf

  • Samenvatting
    An introduction to Chemical Thermodynamics

    This book is aimed at students in the fields of molecular or life science
    and technology. It introduces thermodynamics as a predictive tool and
    discusses the spontaneity of chemical reactions and the power that can be
    obtained from fuel cells.
    The emphasis of the first part is on applications of the Second Law of
    Thermodynamics on (bio)chemical processes and the Gibbs energy is
    introduced as the predictive quantity. The First Law of Thermodynamics is
    introduced merely to manage the energy resources. The last chapter of the
    first part deals with the efficiency of processes where the role of
    entropy is discovered.
    The second part is devoted to chemical and physical equilibria. The
    various relations that exist for equilibria are exposed as universally
    related to the Gibbs energy. Ideal mixing relations and ideal solution
    relations are constantly being used as a simplified approach to the real
    situation. In the last chapter of this part, the deviations from ideality
    are assessed and the magnitude of the fugacity and activity coefficients
    is critically discussed.
    The book is also aimed at chemical engineering students. These need to
    know more about processes and their efficiencies. Therefore the third part
    of the book is devoted to distributed processes. In the first chapter some
    important aspects of formal thermodynamics are discussed, in particular
    the role of entropy to identify equilibrium and stability. The second
    chapter of this part continues this discussion and introduces the concept
    of internal entropy production. To discuss these two issues, systems are
    subdivided into two parts that are not necessarily in equilibrium: the
    system is inhomogeneous. The last chapter of this part explains how fully
    inhomogeneous and flowing systems can be dealt with and how entropy
    production can be managed.
    The fourth - and new - part of the book contains applications to
    macromolecular systems where solution properties, binding phenomena and
    membranes are discussed. This part has been added to provide material for
    a more advanced course. The topics dealt with in these chapters are
    relatively modern and appropriate references to the relevant literature
    are made. The author has tried to present this material from a few
    unifying concepts so as to demonstrate the analogy between the various
    treatments in the current literature. Also, the relation to colloid
    science - even though dealing more with particles than with macromolecules
    - is discussed.
    Part I - Processes in Chemistry and Biochemistry
    1 Overview
    2 Spontaneity of processes
    3 Available work
    4 Energy conservation
    5 Efficiency and entropy
    Part II - Chemical and Physical Equilibria
    6 General aspects of equilibria
    7 Phase equilibria of pure substances
    8 Capillary phenomena and adsorption
    9 Phase equilibria of mixtures
    10 Mixtures and colligative properties
    11 Non-ideal mixtures
    Part III - Distributed Processes
    12 Fundamentals of chemical thermodynamics
    13 Irreversible processes
    14 Flow processes
    Part IV - Macromolecular Systems
    15 Macromolecular solutions
    16 Macromolecular binding equilibria
    17 Membranes
  • Productinformatie
    Binding : PDF
    Auteur : G.J.M. Koper
    Bestandstype : PDF
    Distributievorm : Ebook (digitaal)
    Aantal pagina's : Afhankelijk van e-reader
    Beveiliging : Adobe DRM   Informatie 
    Uitgeverij : VSSD
    ISBN : 9789065621887
    Datum publicatie : 10-2008
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